异步编程 Python asyncio 小白学习 – 2.协程意义

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2.协程意义

在一个线程中如果遇到IO等待时间,线程不会傻傻等,利用空闲的时候再去干点其他事。

案例:去下载三张图片(网络IO)。

普通方式(同步)

  """ pip3 install requests """
  
  import requests
  
  
  def download_image(url):
  	print("开始下载:",url)
      # 发送网络请求,下载图片
      response = requests.get(url)
  	print("下载完成")
      # 图片保存到本地文件
      file_name = url.rsplit('_')[-1]
      with open(file_name, mode='wb') as file_object:
          file_object.write(response.content)
  
  
  if __name__ == '__main__':
      url_list = [
          'https://www3.autoimg.cn/newsdfs/g26/M02/35/A9/120x90_0_autohomecar__ChsEe12AXQ6AOOH_AAFocMs8nzU621.jpg',
          'https://www2.autoimg.cn/newsdfs/g30/M01/3C/E2/120x90_0_autohomecar__ChcCSV2BBICAUntfAADjJFd6800429.jpg',
          'https://www3.autoimg.cn/newsdfs/g26/M0B/3C/65/120x90_0_autohomecar__ChcCP12BFCmAIO83AAGq7vK0sGY193.jpg'
      ]
      for item in url_list:
          download_image(item)

协程方式(异步)

  """
  下载图片使用第三方模块aiohttp,请提前安装:pip3 install aiohttp
  """
  #!/usr/bin/env python
  # -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
  import aiohttp
  import asyncio
  
  
  async def fetch(session, url):
      print("发送请求:", url)
      async with session.get(url, verify_ssl=False) as response:
          content = await response.content.read()
          file_name = url.rsplit('_')[-1]
          with open(file_name, mode='wb') as file_object:
              file_object.write(content)
          print('下载完成',url)
  
  async def main():
      async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session:
          url_list = [
              'https://www3.autoimg.cn/newsdfs/g26/M02/35/A9/120x90_0_autohomecar__ChsEe12AXQ6AOOH_AAFocMs8nzU621.jpg',
              'https://www2.autoimg.cn/newsdfs/g30/M01/3C/E2/120x90_0_autohomecar__ChcCSV2BBICAUntfAADjJFd6800429.jpg',
              'https://www3.autoimg.cn/newsdfs/g26/M0B/3C/65/120x90_0_autohomecar__ChcCP12BFCmAIO83AAGq7vK0sGY193.jpg'
          ]
          tasks = [ asyncio.create_task(fetch(session, url)) for url in url_list ]
  
          await asyncio.wait(tasks)
  
  
  if __name__ == '__main__':
      asyncio.run( main() )
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